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War of the American Revolution Collection (C174)

1776-1778. - 3 cm of textual records.

Administrative History - Biographical Sketch:

In 1775, an American army under the command of General Robert Montgomery captured Montréal on behalf of the thirteen American colonies. Montgomery joined with General Benedict Arnold to lay seige to Québec city, however the attack ended in failure and by June of 1776 the Americans were driven from Montréal. The colonies issued their Declaration of Independence in 1776 and finally, after years of battle, England acknowledged the independence of the United States by the Treaty of Paris in 1783.

(Source: Guide to Archival Resources at McGill University : Private Papers At McGill University. McGill University Archives. 1985. Vol.3, p.189.)

Scope and Content:

The War of the American Revolution collection consists of financial and administrative correspondence of American and British paymasters or commissary agents, mainly from their respective military commanders, George Washington, John Burgoyne, Friedrick von Riedesel and Guy Carleton.

Other material in the collection is related to the American capture and occupation of Montréal including copies of the articles of capitulation and letters from Benedict Arnold, concerning military intelligence information and a directive to Col. J. Livingston instructing him to force his soldiers to pay their rent to Mlle de Ramezay.

(Source: Guide to Archival Resources at McGill University : Private Papers At McGill University. McGill University Archives. 1985. Vol.3, p.189.)