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Fenian Raids Collection (C180)

1868-1871. - 1 cm of textual records.

Administrative History - Biographical Sketch:

The Fenians were members of a movement founded in 1857 by Irish Americans to secure Irish independence from Britain. In April 1866 they launched a raid against the New Brunswick border, but it collapsed in failure. A second group crossed the Quebec border at Missisquoi Bay on June 7 and remained for 48 hours. After the failure of an Irish uprising in 1867, the movement fragmented. Yet a Fenian apparently assassinated Thomas D'Arcy McGee in 1868, and in 1870 the faction led by John O'Neil launched two small raids over the Quebec border.

Scope and Content:

This collection pertains to the Fenian Raids of 1866, 1868 and 1870. The collection consists of an act to indemnify the members of the Executive Government and others, a statement of expenditure and a letter from Joseph [Ivers].